In this 2013 post, I blogged about Whelan Security Co. v Kennebrew, an important Missouri case involving an employee noncompetition agreement. In that case, the Missouri Supreme Court enforced a general noncompetition agreement and modified a non-solicitation agreement against out-of-state former employees.
Specifically, the Court held that a general restriction on competition within a 50-mile radius was enforceable. However, a covenant restricting the employees from soliciting the employer’s customers for two years after termination of employment was too broad as written, because the covenant was not limited geographically and there was no other language that would have limited the scope of the provision (such as restricting the prohibition to customers with which the employees had contact during the course of their employment). The Court modified the covenant accordingly. The Court also held that a covenant restricting the employees from soliciting prospective customers was too broad, not to mention the fact that the Missouri Supreme Court questioned in Healthcare Services of the Ozarks, Inc. v. Copeland whether an employer has a legitimate interest in prospective customers.
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The Missouri Supreme Court decided an important case a few months ago involving non-competition and non-solicitation provisions in employment agreements. In Whelan Security Co. v. Kennebrew, the Supreme Court enforced a non-competition agreement and modified non-solicitation agreements against out-of-state former employees.
My labor and employment colleague, Gerry Richardson, wrote a blog post about the Whelan decision soon after it was filed in August 2012, and he included the following takeaways for employers:
- Limit post-employment restrictions on customer solicitations to those customers with whom the employee interacted.
- Use the one-year safe harbor for post-employment restrictions on a former employee’s solicitation of employees.
- Include a statutorily recognized purpose for an employee non-solicitation obligation longer than one year in the text of the non-compete agreement, such as protection of confidential or trade secret business information, relationships with customers or suppliers, the employer’s goodwill, or loyalty to the employer.
- Avoid general post-employment non-compete obligations with geographic scopes of more than a 50-mile radius from the employee’s last workplace with the employer and durations of greater than two years after the termination of employment.
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